(转)c 多张图片生成avi视频

时间: 2023-12-21 admin 维修知识

(转)c 多张图片生成avi视频

(转)c 多张图片生成avi视频

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修改了几个参数,可以生成视频了。下载主要是为了学习avi视频格式。最后编一个摄像头生成视频的程序。

main.c

#include "Jpeg2AVI.h"
#include <string.h>#define JPEG_MAX_SIZE 2000000   //JPEG图像最大字节数
#define JPEG_NUM 10   //JPEG图像数量int main()
{FILE *fp_jpg;FILE *fp_avi;int filesize;unsigned char jpg_data[JPEG_MAX_SIZE];      char filename[10];int i = 0;fp_avi = fopen("sample.avi","wb");jpeg2avi_start(fp_avi);for (i = 0; i < JPEG_NUM; i++){memset(filename, 0, JPEG_NUM);memset(jpg_data, 0, JPEG_MAX_SIZE);sprintf(filename, "%d", i);  //int转字符fp_jpg = fopen(filename, "rb");if (fp_jpg != NULL){/*获取JPEG数据大小*/fseek(fp_jpg, 0, SEEK_END);filesize = ftell(fp_jpg);fseek(fp_jpg, 0, SEEK_SET);/*将JPEG数据读到缓冲区*/fread(jpg_data, filesize, 1, fp_jpg);/*将JPEG数据写入AVI文件*/jpeg2avi_add_frame(fp_avi, jpg_data, filesize);}fclose(fp_jpg);}jpeg2avi_end(fp_avi, 1280, 720,1);fclose(fp_avi);printf("end\n");return 0;
}

Jepg2AVI.h

#ifndef _JPEG2AVI_H_
#define _JPEG2AVI_H_#include <stdio.h>void jpeg2avi_start(FILE *fp);
void jpeg2avi_add_frame(FILE *fp, void *data, unsigned int len);
void jpeg2avi_end(FILE *fp, int width, int height, int fps);typedef struct avi_riff_head
{unsigned char id[4];unsigned int size;unsigned char type[4];
}AVI_RIFF_HEAD, AVI_LIST_HEAD;typedef struct avi_avih_chunk
{unsigned char id[4];            //块ID,固定为avihunsigned int size;              //块大小,等于struct avi_avih_chunk去掉id和size的大小unsigned int us_per_frame;      //视频帧间隔时间(以微秒为单位)unsigned int max_bytes_per_sec; //AVI文件的最大数据率unsigned int padding;           //设为0即可unsigned int flags;             //AVI文件全局属性,如是否含有索引块、音视频数据是否交叉存储等unsigned int total_frames;      //总帧数unsigned int init_frames;       //为交互格式指定初始帧数(非交互格式应该指定为0)unsigned int streams;           //文件包含的流的个数,仅有视频流时为1unsigned int suggest_buff_size; //指定读取本文件建议使用的缓冲区大小,通常为存储一桢图像                                            //以及同步声音所需的数据之和,不指定时设为0unsigned int width;             //视频主窗口宽度(单位:像素)unsigned int height;            //视频主窗口高度(单位:像素)unsigned int reserved[4];       //保留段,设为0即可
}AVI_AVIH_CHUNK;typedef struct avi_rect_frame
{short left;short top;short right;short bottom;
}AVI_RECT_FRAME;typedef struct avi_strh_chunk
{unsigned char id[4];            //块ID,固定为strhunsigned int size;              //块大小,等于struct avi_strh_chunk去掉id和size的大小unsigned char stream_type[4];   //流的类型,vids表示视频流,auds表示音频流unsigned char codec[4];         //指定处理这个流需要的解码器,如JPEGunsigned int flags;             //标记,如是否允许这个流输出、调色板是否变化等,一般设为0即可unsigned short priority;        //流的优先级,视频流设为0即可unsigned short language;        //音频语言代号,视频流设为0即可unsigned int init_frames;       //为交互格式指定初始帧数(非交互格式应该指定为0)unsigned int scale;             //unsigned int rate;              //对于视频流,rate / scale = 帧率fpsunsigned int start;             //对于视频流,设为0即可unsigned int length;            //对于视频流,length即总帧数unsigned int suggest_buff_size; //读取这个流数据建议使用的缓冲区大小unsigned int quality;           //流数据的质量指标unsigned int sample_size;       //音频采样大小,视频流设为0即可AVI_RECT_FRAME rcFrame;         //这个流在视频主窗口中的显示位置,设为{0,0,width,height}即可
}AVI_STRH_CHUNK;/*对于视频流,strf块结构如下*/
typedef struct avi_strf_chunk
{unsigned char id[4];             //块ID,固定为strfunsigned int size;               //块大小,等于struct avi_strf_chunk去掉id和size的大小unsigned int size1;              //size1含义和值同size一样unsigned int width;              //视频主窗口宽度(单位:像素)unsigned int height;             //视频主窗口高度(单位:像素)unsigned short planes;           //始终为1unsigned short bitcount;         //每个像素占的位数,只能是1、4、8、16、24和32中的一个unsigned char compression[4];    //视频流编码格式,如JPEG、MJPG等unsigned int image_size;         //视频图像大小,等于width * height * bitcount / 8unsigned int x_pixels_per_meter; //显示设备的水平分辨率,设为0即可unsigned int y_pixels_per_meter; //显示设备的垂直分辨率,设为0即可unsigned int num_colors;         //含义不清楚,设为0即可unsigned int imp_colors;         //含义不清楚,设为0即可
}AVI_STRF_CHUNK;typedef struct avi_strl_list
{unsigned char id[4];    //块ID,固定为LISTunsigned int size;      //块大小,等于struct avi_strl_list去掉id和size的大小unsigned char type[4];  //块类型,固定为strlAVI_STRH_CHUNK strh;AVI_STRF_CHUNK strf;
}AVI_STRL_LIST;typedef struct avi_hdrl_list
{unsigned char id[4];    //块ID,固定为LISTunsigned int size;      //块大小,等于struct avi_hdrl_list去掉id和size的大小unsigned char type[4];  //块类型,固定为hdrlAVI_AVIH_CHUNK avih;AVI_STRL_LIST  strl;
}AVI_HDRL_LIST;#endif

Jepg2AVI.c

#include "Jpeg2AVI.h"
#include "list.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>static int nframes;           //总帧数
static int totalsize;         //帧的总大小
static struct list_head list; //保存各帧图像大小的链表,用于写索引块/*链表宿主结构,用于保存真正的图像大小数据*/
struct ListNode
{int value;struct list_head head;
};static void write_index_chunk(FILE *fp)
{unsigned char index[4] = {'i', 'd', 'x', '1'};  //索引块IDunsigned int index_chunk_size = 16 * nframes;   //索引块大小unsigned int offset = 4;struct list_head *slider = NULL;struct list_head *tmpslider = NULL;fwrite(index, 4, 1, fp);fwrite(&index_chunk_size, 4, 1, fp);list_for_each_safe(slider, tmpslider, &list){unsigned char tmp[4] = {'0', '0', 'd', 'c'};  //00dc = 压缩的视频数据unsigned int keyframe = 0x10;                 //0x10表示当前帧为关键帧struct ListNode *node = list_entry(slider, struct ListNode, head);fwrite(tmp, 4, 1, fp);fwrite(&keyframe, 4, 1, fp);fwrite(&offset, 4, 1, fp);fwrite(&node->value, 4, 1, fp);offset = offset + node->value + 8;list_del(slider);free(node);}
}static void back_fill_data(FILE *fp, int width, int height, int fps)
{AVI_RIFF_HEAD riff_head ={{'R', 'I', 'F', 'F'},4 + sizeof(AVI_HDRL_LIST) + sizeof(AVI_LIST_HEAD) + nframes * 8 + totalsize,{'A', 'V', 'I', ' '}};AVI_HDRL_LIST hdrl_list ={{'L', 'I', 'S', 'T'},sizeof(AVI_HDRL_LIST) - 8,{'h', 'd', 'r', 'l'},{{'a', 'v', 'i', 'h'},sizeof(AVI_AVIH_CHUNK) - 8,1000000 / fps, 25000, 0, 0, nframes, 0, 1, 100000, width, height,{0, 0, 0, 0}},{{'L', 'I', 'S', 'T'},sizeof(AVI_STRL_LIST) - 8,{'s', 't', 'r', 'l'},{{'s', 't', 'r', 'h'},sizeof(AVI_STRH_CHUNK) - 8,{'v', 'i', 'd', 's'},{'J', 'P', 'E', 'G'},0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 23, 0, nframes, 100000, 0xFFFFFF, 0,{0, 0, width, height}},{{'s', 't', 'r', 'f'},sizeof(AVI_STRF_CHUNK) - 8,sizeof(AVI_STRF_CHUNK) - 8,width, height, 1, 24,{'J', 'P', 'E', 'G'},width * height * 3, 0, 0, 0, 0}}};AVI_LIST_HEAD movi_list_head ={{'L', 'I', 'S', 'T'},4 + nframes * 8 + totalsize,{'m', 'o', 'v', 'i'}};//定位到文件头,回填各块数据fseek(fp, 0, SEEK_SET);fwrite(&riff_head, sizeof(riff_head), 1, fp);fwrite(&hdrl_list, sizeof(hdrl_list), 1, fp);fwrite(&movi_list_head, sizeof(movi_list_head), 1, fp);
}void jpeg2avi_start(FILE *fp)
{int offset1 = sizeof(AVI_RIFF_HEAD);  //riff head大小int offset2 = sizeof(AVI_HDRL_LIST);  //hdrl list大小int offset3 = sizeof(AVI_LIST_HEAD);  //movi list head大小//AVI文件偏移量设置到movi list head后,从该位置向后依次写入JPEG数据fseek(fp, offset1 + offset2 + offset3, SEEK_SET);//初始化链表list_head_init(&list);nframes = 0;totalsize = 0;
}void jpeg2avi_add_frame(FILE *fp, void *data, unsigned int len)
{unsigned char tmp[4] = {'0', '0', 'd', 'c'};  //00dc = 压缩的视频数据struct ListNode *node = (struct ListNode *)malloc(sizeof(struct ListNode));/*JPEG图像大小4字节对齐*/while (len % 4){len++;}fwrite(tmp, 4, 1, fp);    //写入是否是压缩的视频数据信息fwrite(&len, 4, 1, fp);   //写入4字节对齐后的JPEG图像大小fwrite(data, len, 1, fp); //写入真正的JPEG数据nframes += 1;totalsize += len;/*将4字节对齐后的JPEG图像大小保存在链表中*/if (node != NULL){node->value = len;list_add_tail(&node->head, &list);}
}void jpeg2avi_end(FILE *fp, int width, int height, int fps)
{//写索引块write_index_chunk(fp);//从文件头开始,回填各块数据back_fill_data(fp, width, height, fps);
}

list.h

#ifndef _LIST_H_
#define _LIST_H_struct list_head
{struct list_head *next;struct list_head *prev;
};void list_head_init(struct list_head *list);
void list_add_tail(struct list_head *_new, struct list_head *head);
void list_del(struct list_head *entry);#ifndef offsetof
#define offsetof(TYPE, MEMBER) \
((size_t) &((TYPE *)0)->MEMBER)
#endif#ifndef container_of
#define container_of(ptr, type, member) \
((type *)((char *)ptr - offsetof(type,member)))
#endif/*** list_entry - get the struct for this entry* @ptr:    the &struct list_head pointer.* @type:    the type of the struct this is embedded in.* @member:    the name of the list_struct within the struct.*/
#define list_entry(ptr, type, member) \
container_of(ptr, type, member)/*** list_for_each_safe - iterate over a list safe against removal of list entry* @pos:    the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor.* @n:        another &struct list_head to use as temporary storage* @head:    the head for your list.*/
#define list_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \
for (pos = (head)->next, n = pos->next; pos != (head); \
pos = n, n = pos->next)#endif //_LIST_H_

list.c

#include "list.h"
#include <stdio.h>static void __list_add(struct list_head *_new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next)
{next->prev = _new;_new->next = next;_new->prev = prev;prev->next = _new;
}static void __list_del(struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next)
{next->prev = prev;prev->next = next;
}void list_head_init(struct list_head *list)
{list->next = list;list->prev = list;
}/*** list_add_tail - insert a new entry before the specified head* @_new: new entry to be added* @head: list head to add it before*/
void list_add_tail(struct list_head *_new, struct list_head *head)
{__list_add(_new, head->prev, head);
}/*** list_del - deletes entry from list.* @entry: the element to delete from the list.*/
void list_del(struct list_head *entry)
{__list_del(entry->prev, entry->next);entry->next = NULL;entry->prev = NULL;
}